Chronicity of pain, due to cancer progression or treatment, is frequently associated with psychologic symptoms (eg, sleep disorders, reduction in appetite) and with clinical signs and symptoms that may mimic a depressive disorder. Chronic pain is also a burden to the patient’s family, who may have feelings of helplessness and anxiety.
The intervention strategy for controlling pain depends on the specific cause(s) of pain in the individual cancer patient. Often, a multidisciplinary approach is most effective in the management of cancer pain, including adequate analgesics, neurosurgical and anesthetic interventions, as well as behavioral ones, and supportive care. Despite the frequency of pain in patients with advanced cancer and lung cancer in particular, there have been few systematic evaluations of multidisciplinary pain interventions and this presents a challenge for future research, especially in metastatic lung cancer. buy ventolin inhalers Dyspnea
Dyspnea is a common symptom in up to 65 percent of lung cancer patients. Dyspnea can be present throughout the entire course of the disease or it can be a terminal event. It can be caused by the tumor, its treatment, medical complications of the debilitated state, or underlying lung or cardiac disease.