Pneumothorax with Pneumocystis carinii Pneumonia in AIDS (2)

In: Pulmonary function

12 Jun 2013

Methods
Case Review
Cases of AIDS in Colorado reported to the Denver Disease
Control Service between May 1982 and April 1987 were reviewed. All patients had established AIDS, in accordance with the Centers for Disease Control 1985 surveillance definition. All cases at the three major university-affiliated teaching hospitals in Denver (Denver General Hospital, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, and Denver Veterans Administration Hospital) were identified, and the patients* charts were reviewed in June 1987.
The presence or absence of PCP was determined for each patient. A Ciemsa stain of induced sputum, bronchoalveolar lavage sample, or transbronchial or open-lung biopsy specimen confirmed the diagnosis. The face sheet, discharge summary, and radiologic reports were also reviewed to determine the presence or absence of pneumothorax in all patients. In all cases of pneumothorax, a thorough chart and chest roentgenographic review was performed to detail the clinical course and radiographic manifestations. Other conditions known to be associated with the development of pneumothorax (including chest trauma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, metastatic pleural disease, interstitial lung disease, lymphagiomyomatosis, Marfans syndrome, pulmonary infarction, rheumatoid arthritis, cystic fibrosis, sarcoidosis, and fungal infection*) were sought during the chart review.


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