One-Year Longitudinal Study of a No-Smoking Policy in a Medical Institution (Part 3)

In: No-Smoking Policy

18 Oct 2012

The Task Force included clinicians, psychologists, and administrative personnel from the public affairs and employee relations departments. Open-ended questions about smoking were used to interview employees and patients. Pretest responses were then integrated into the subsequent standardized Likert, multiple alternative attitude scale questionnaire that was administered on a voluntary basis to randomly selected patients and our entire medical and scientific staff. Likert scale items permit the expression of several (usually five) degrees of agreement-disagreement. The questionnaire was reviewed and approved by our institutional review board for human investigation. The questionnaire satisfied several goals: it assisted the lask Force in formulating the smoking policy, it served as an evaluation tool across time measuring changes that resulted from the policy, and it was selectively used for the investigative interests of the group. In this respect, three select areas of research interest and inquiry, which we report on in this article, involved how tobacco smoke affects employees or patients while at the institution, the acceptance of a no-smoking policy before and after its implementation, and the consequences of the policy on the smoker. The questionnaire was introduced with a statement of the purpose and with instructions for completion. The questionnaire was mailed to all employees and to more than 2,000 randomly selected patients. buy flovent inhaler
Respondents were assured that their answers would be kept confidential and were instructed to complete the questionnaire within one week, returning it in a confidential envelope. Responses to the questionnaire, involving nominal and ordinal levels of data, were coded and the data were analyzed using survey statistical methods. The results of this study will be particularly confined to responses of employees who experience the major impact of the institution policy.

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