Influenza in Patients with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection: Results (Part 3)

In: Influenza

21 Nov 2012

In five patients, chest roentgenograms showed increased interstitial markings bilaterally; however, most were without acute change when compared with prior or later roentgenograms. One patient had a chest roentgenogram abnormality believed to represent an acute viral pneumonia (Fig 2); the course of illness in this patient is summarized as follows: A 42-year-old gay male smoker with a history of mild asthma was admitted to the hospital with complaints of fever, chills, sweats, a cough productive of scant yellow sputum, and increasing shortness of breath of one weeks duration. Oral temperature was 38.7°C, heart rate was 130/min, and respiratory rate was 32/min. Examination revealed mild respiratory distress, oral thrush, and diffuse expiratory wheezing. Room air arterial blood gas showed the following: pH, 7.47; Pco2, 31 mm Hg; and Po2, 56 mm Hg. Chest roentgenogram revealed a difluse alveolar-interstitial infiltrate bilaterally. Diagnostic bronchoscopy with biopsy was performed on the fifth hospital day because of absence of P carinii on an induced sputum specimen and lack of response to empiric high-dose intravenous trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole therapy.


Figure 2. Diffuse alveolar-interstitial infiltrate in a patient with influenza infection. 

About this blog

Blog invites submissions of review articles, reports on clinical techniques, case reports, conference summaries, and articles of opinion pertinent to the control of pain and anxiety in dentistry.