In: Antibiotics26 Sep 2012
Ampicillin is a highly efficient semisynthetic antibiotic that is frequently prescribed for treatment of bacterial infections caused by gram-positive microorganisms susceptive to benzylpenicillin. Besides, the drug is active against such gram-negative organisms as Salmonella, E. coli, P. mirabilis, Shigella, N. gonorrhoeae, H. influenzae, and enterococci. That’s why antibiotic Ampicillin is considered to be a medication of broad spectrum and can be prescribed for diseases caused by a diverse infection.
Ampicillin is used mainly to cure pneumonias, bronchopneumonia, lung abscess, angine, peritonitis, septicemia, enteric and other infections. The remedy is highly effective in treating urinary tract infections caused by colon bacillus, Proteus, enterococcus and mixed infection as it is urinable unchanged in high concentration. Gonorrhea is also frequently cured with Ampicillin.
The antibiotic is available in drugstores in 3 possible variations: Capsules, powder for oral suspension, and powder for injection. As a rule, physicians define the degree of sensitivity to antibiotic Ampicillin of disease-producing microflora before prescribing the remedy. Every individual patient takes his particular dose. One should take Ampicillin regardless of his mealtime and exactly as it is prescribed. The remedy is acid-resistant. This means that the ingested antibiotic cannot be disintegrated in the stomach and is to be quickly absorbed. The medication gets into organs and muscles evenly and fights the disease producing bacteria.
While taking antibiotic Ampicillin one may notice an allergic reaction of skin (rash, nettle rash, Quincke’s edema, desquamation), digestive system (disbacteriosis, stomatitis, gastritis, stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, glossitis), central nervous system (aggressivity, anxiety, mental confusion, depression, seizures). Fairly seldom may appear fever, arthrodynia, exfoliative dermatitis, ectodermosis and others. In isolated cases anaphylactic shock may occur. If one experiences an allergic reaction, he should withhold the drug and take the course of desensitizing therapy.
Ampicillin antibiotic is contra-indicated in patients with hypersensitization to penicillin. In case of liver or renal impairment, bronchial asthma, and hay fever the remedy should be used only in a pinch. Pregnant and breast-feeding ladies should take it with caution and only after consulting a healthcare professional.
Vomiting, nausea and diarrhea may appear due to overdose. In this case the following measures can help: gastric lavage, absorbed carbon and saline purge.
Antibiotic Ampicillin can interact with numerous medications, that’s why one should inform the healthcare provider about all the remedies (s)he is on.
It is important to follow the doctor’s advice to cope with a disease as soon as possible. Otherwise the disease-producing bacteria may become resistant and Ampicillin will be of no use next time.
The medication is a prescription drug and cannot be bought over-the-counter. It should be stored in an inaccessible for children dark and dry place. Recommended temperature is 60 ̊ -75 ̊ F.
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